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Reclaimed Water Panel Information
National, State and Local Experts Presented Information on the Safety, Use & Treatment of Reclaimed Water
The City of Flagstaff has been a leader in the direct use of reclaimed water dating back to the 1980”s. Reclaimed water makes up over 20% of the total water supplies used within our community. The City has also made significant investment in upgrading the treatment technology to provide the highest quality reclaimed water permitted under State and Federal laws. However, questions till exist about reclaimed water: Is it safe? What are the latest treatment technologies and at what cost? What are current Federal and State Regulations? What are the best management practices for reclaimed water and what is our City doing to treat and manage its own reclaimed water?

The Flagstaff City Council is currently working on a water policy for the community and sought this panel presentation to assist in answering questions on key topics:
  • Risk to human health and the safety of reclaimed water supply
  • Best management practices regarding the use and management of reclaimed water within the State of Arizona and around the United States.
  • The regulatory framework from the Arizona Department of Environmental quality (ADEQ) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) pertaining to water quality
  • New advances in treatment technologies for reclaimed water and their benefits and associated cost.
  • Information on trace concentrations of compounds that have been found in reclaimed water but are not regulated by ADEQ or USEPA.

PowerPoint Presentation from Brad Hill
Brad Hill, R.G. is the Utilities Director for the City of Flagstaff. He has over 23 years of hydrological experience that include 10 years with the City of Peoria (Arizona) where he supervised their groundwater recharge, reclaimed water, water well drilling, and water resource management programs. Prior to his municipal experience, Mr. Hill supervised a groundwater computer modeling center for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Hill has also worked for the Arizona Department of Water Resources (Phoenix) and for the national engineering firm CH2M Hill (Boise, Idaho) conducting environmental clean-up projects.

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PowerPoint Presentation from Shane Snyder
Shane A. Snyder, Ph.D. is a professor at the University of Arizona and Co-Director of the Laboratory of Emerging Contaminants. For over 15 years his research has focused on the identification, fate and health relevance of emerging water pollutants. He has over 100 peer-reviewed manuscripts on emerging contaminant analysis, treatment and toxicology. Dr. Synder was one of six experts invited to testify in front of the U.S. Senate on pharmaceuticals in U.S. waters and has been invited back to brief the U.S. Congress three additional times. He has also served two terms on the federal advisory committee to the USEPA’s Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program and was an invited expert panel member for the development of the USEPA’s Contaminant Candidate List #3 which includes among others, water borne pathogens, pharmaceuticals, and biological toxins.

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PowerPoint Presentation from Mike Fulton & Chuck Graf
Mike Fulton is the Director of the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality’s (ADEQ) Water Quality Division. He oversees programs that ensure safe drinking water and reduce the impact of pollutants discharged to surface and groundwater. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Forest / Watershed Management from the University of Arizona and has been with ADEQ since 1990 serving in a variety of assignments including staff level hydrologist, program management and executive management positions. During his ADEQ career he has focused on the cleanup of groundwater and soils at hazardous waste sites throughout Arizona, the management of solid and hazardous waste inspection and compliance programs and administration of brownfields, pollution prevention, underground storage tank and voluntary remediation programs.

Chuck Graf, R.G. currently serves as a Senior Hydrologist in the Water Quality Division of ADEQ. From 2006-2009, he served as an Associate Director of the Arizona Water Institute, a collaboration of the three state universities to fund applied water research in Arizona. From 1998-2006, he was the Deputy Director of the Water Quality Division at ADEQ. He received a B.S.E. degree in Engineering Science from Arizona State University and is a Registered Geologist in Arizona. Mr. Graf managed ADEQ’s effort to develop improved regulations for the safe reuse of reclaimed water, which culminated in a well-received set of rules in 2001 that transformed Arizona’s reclaimed water program.

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PowerPoint Presentation from Guy Carpenter
Guy Carpenter, P.E. serves as a Board Member on the National WateReuse Association. The Association is a nonprofit which engages in legislative advocacy, education and outreach pertaining to water reuse and desalination while the related WateReuse Foundation is a nonprofit which conducts and promotes applied research on issues related to water reuse and desalination. He is also the Vice President with Carollo Engineers, a national engineering firm. Guy is responsible for the Water Supply and Water Reuse technical practice groups for the firm.

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Written Questions
Numerous written questions were received at the presentation. As promised here is a list of the questions we received. duplicate questions were consolidated. Several of the question were taken at the meeting.

List of Questions